The Combat Infantry Badge (CIB) was established by the War Department on 27 October 1943. Lieutenant General Lesley J. McNair, then the Army Ground Forces commanding general, was instrumental in its creation.
For award of the CIB a Soldier must meet the following three requirements:
(1) Be an infantryman satisfactorily performing infantry duties.
(2) Assigned to an infantry unit during such time as the unit is engaged in active ground combat.
(3) Actively participate in such ground combat. Campaign or battle credit alone is not sufficient for award of the CIB.
Combat Infantry Badge centered above the ribbons
The Combat Action Ribbon (colloquially “CAR”), is a United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard military decoration awarded to those U.S. sea service members “who have actively participated in ground or surface combat.”
Combat Action Ribbon